BIDS AND QUOTATIONS
The Bossier Parish School Board shall advertise and let by contract, except in cases of emergencies as provided below, all public work exceeding $250,000 or such sum as allowed by law, including labor, materials, equipment, and administrative overhead not to exceed fifteen percent (15%). The contract shall be awarded to the lowest responsible bidder who has bid according to the contract, plans, and specifications advertised. Public works which are estimated to cost less than the contract limit may be undertaken by the School Board with its own employees.
As an evidence of good faith of the bidder, the School Board shall require bidders for construction, improvement, repair, or other work to attach to the bid submitted, a bid bond, certified check, or cashier's check for not more than five percent (5%) of the contract work to be done. The School Board may require a bid bond or certified or cashier's check of not more than five percent (5%) of the estimated price on bids taken for supplies and materials.
When any bid is accepted for construction or doing any public works, a written contract shall be entered into by the successful bidder and the School Board, and the successful bidder shall furnish a bond in an amount not less than one-half of the amount of the contract, for the faithful performance of his or her duties.
When using state or locally generated funds, under no circumstances shall there be a division or separation of any public work project into smaller projects, which division or separation would have the effect of avoiding the requirement that public work be advertised and let by contract to the lowest responsible bidder in accordance with statutory provisions.
The School Board shall retain the option of requiring all bids that are let out for public works be submitted electronically.
MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES
All purchases of materials or supplies exceeding the sum of $30,000 to be paid out of public funds shall be advertised and let by contract to the lowest responsible bidder who has bid according to the specifications as advertised. In addition, purchases of materials or supplies of at least $10,000, but not more than $30,000, shall be made by obtaining not less than three (3) documented quotations. A written confirmation of the accepted offer shall be obtained and made a part of the purchase file. The School Board may require a written contract or bond when purchasing the materials or supplies. If quotations are received that are lower than the quote accepted, a notation shall be entered into the file as to the reasons for rejection of the lower quotes.
When using state or locally generated funds, purchases cannot be divided by departments or by a school if the effect is to evade the state's public bid law. Purchases of commodities that are bought in small but recurring amounts through the year shall be bid on an annual basis.
The School Board shall retain the option of requiring all bids that are let out for materials and supplies be submitted electronically.
In lieu of formal bids, the School Board may use a reverse auction for the purchase of equipment, supplies, and other materials, or consulting services, as outlined elsewhere in this policy.
In cases of an emergency or extreme emergency when time is not sufficient to advertise for bids for public works or purchase of materials, the School Board or designee is permitted by law to declare through resolution that a public emergency or extreme public emergency exists and extend a contract for more than the sums mentioned without going out to bid. However, in such cases every effort shall be made by School Board personnel to secure competitive quotations. The accepted quote shall be confirmed and documented in writing. State law permits a person designated by the School Board to declare the existence of an extreme public emergency. This designated person shall be the Superintendent and/or his/her designee. Notices of an emergency or extreme emergency shall be published in the School Board’s official journal within ten (10) days of the emergency being certified by the School Board or designee.
An emergency is defined by La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §38:2211 as
“An unforeseen mischance bringing with it destruction or injury of life or property or the imminent threat of such destruction or injury or as the result of an order from any judicial body to take any immediate action which requires construction or repairs absent compliance with the formalities of this Part, where the mischance or court order will not admit of the delay incident to advertising as provided in this Part."
An extreme public emergency is defined by La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §38:2211 as
“A catastrophic event which causes the loss of ability to obtain a quorum of the members necessary to certify the emergency prior to making the expenditure to acquire materials or supplies or to make repairs necessary for the protection of life, property, or continued function of the public entity.”
REQUESTS FOR PROPOSALS
For purchases of materials or supplies not exceeding the bid threshold as defined in La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §38:2212.1, the Bossier Parish School Board Supervisor of Purchasing shall have the authority to approve the issuance of a Request for Proposals and the award of resulting contracts under La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §39:1593 where the circumstances warrant. For all other purchases of materials and supplies in excess of the bid threshold as defined in La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §38:2212.1, School Board approval shall be required.
MAXIMUM PRACTICABLE COMPETITION
All bid specifications shall seek to promote overall economy for the purposes intended and encourage competition in satisfying the needs of the state, and shall not be unduly restrictive. A specification may be drafted which describes a product which is proprietary to one company only where:
No other kind of specification
is reasonably available for the state to describe its requirements;
There is a requirement for
specifying a particular design or make of product due to factors of
compatibility, standardization, or maintainability; or
Such specification includes
language which specifically permits an equivalent product to be supplied.
Such specification shall include a description of the essential
characteristics of the product.
Such specification is determined to be in the best interest of the School Board.
Except as outlined in the paragraph above, whenever such proprietary specifications are used, the specifications shall clearly state that they are used only to denote the quality standard of supplies, services, or major repairs desired and that they do not restrict bidders to the specific brand, make, manufacturer, or specification named; that they are used only to set forth and convey to prospective bidders the general style, type, character, and quality of supplies, services, or major repairs desired; and that equivalent supplies, services, or major repairs will be acceptable.
Bid specifications may contemplate a fixed escalation or de-escalation in accordance with the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index and Producer Price Index. Bids based on specifications which are subject to a recognized escalation index shall be legal and valid.
All advertisements for bids for public works shall appear in the newspaper selected as the official journal for the School Board, except in emergencies as may be declared by the Board. Any advertisement for any contract for public works, when published, shall appear once a week for three (3) different weeks in a newspaper in the locality and the first advertisement shall appear at least twenty-five (25) days before the opening of bids.
Any advertisement for any contract or purchase of materials or supplies shall be published two (2) times in a newspaper in the locality, the first advertisement appearing at least fifteen (15) days prior to the opening of bids.
In addition to newspaper advertisements, the School Board shall also publish advertisements and accept bids by electronic media in accordance with uniform standards promulgated by the state. In any advertisement, the first publication shall not occur on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.
If the School Board issues or causes to be issued on a public work exceeding the contract limit set by state law, any addendum modifying plans and specifications within a period of seven (7) days prior to the advertised time for opening of bids, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and any other legal holidays, the School Board shall transmit a copy of the addendum to all prime bidders who have requested bid documents. The transmission shall be completed within twenty-four (24) hours of the issuance of the addendum, and may be delivered by either facsimile transmission (fax), e-mail, other electronic means, or by hand provided the prime bidder has supplied the fax number or e-mail address to the School Board. In addition, a copy of the addendum shall be sent by regular mail. If the addendum cannot be transmitted by fax, e-mail, other electronic means, or hand delivered, the School Board shall be required to postpone the bid opening by at least seven (7) days.
The School Board shall not issue or cause to be issued any addendum modifying plans and specifications within a period of seventy-two (72) hours prior to the advertised time for the opening of bids, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and any other legal holidays; however, if the necessity arises to issue an addendum modifying plans and specifications within the seventy-two hour period prior to the advertised time for the opening of bids, then the opening of bids shall be extended at least seven (7), but not more than twenty-one (21) working days, without the requirement of readvertising. The addendum shall state the revised time and date for the opening of bids.
OPENING OF BIDS
All bids shall be opened in public in the presence of one or more witnesses, at the time and place designated in the invitation for bids. Each bid, together with the name of the bidder, shall be recorded and open to public inspection. However, the School Board shall not accept or take any bids including receiving any hand delivered bids, on days which are recognized as holidays by the United States Postal Service.
In order to protect the integrity of the competitive bidding process, the determination of responsiveness by the bidder must be made from the bid documents at the time of the bid opening. Any deviation from or failure to supply information required by the bid documents may result in the bid being rejected as non-responsive.
The Superintendent and/or other appropriate administrators shall review, summarize and report bids to the School Board with recommendations for bid award unless the School Board grants permission for staff to evaluate, award, and notify the School Board at a later date.
DISQUALIFICATION OF BIDDER FOR NON-RESPONSIBILITY
If the School Board proposes to disqualify any bidder for non-responsibility (the possibility that the bidder may not satisfactorily fulfill the contract being bid), the School Board shall:
Give written notice of the
proposed disqualification to such bidder, and include in the written
notice all reasons for the proposed disqualification;
Give such bidder, who is proposed
to be disqualified, the opportunity to be heard at an informal hearing
to be conducted not later than five (5) business days after the issuance
of the notice of the proposed disqualification, at which such bidder
is afforded the opportunity to refute the reasons for the disqualification;
Conduct the informal hearing prior to the award of the public work.
No award of the contract for the public work shall be made by the School Board prior to the expiration of at least five (5) working days following the date of issuance of the written ruling from the informal hearing.
EXCLUSION/REJECTION OF BIDS
The School Board, after the opening of bids, shall require each bidder or bidding entity to attest or submit an attestation that the sole proprietor, partner, incorporator, director, manager, officer, or other like individual who owns at least ten percent (10%) of the bidding entity, has not been convicted of, or has not entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere (no contest) to any of the crimes or equivalent federal crimes listed in La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §38:2227.
In awarding bids or contracts, the School Board shall be authorized to reject the lowest bid from a business in which any individual with ownership interest of five percent (5%) or more has been convicted of, pled guilty or nolo contendere to any a state felony crime or equivalent federal crime committed in the solicitation or execution of a contract or bid under the state laws governing public contracts; professional, personal, consulting, and social services procurement; or the Louisiana Procurement Code.
Any contract between the School Board and a person or entity entered into as a result of fraud, bribery, corruption, or other criminal acts, for which a final conviction has been obtained, shall be null and void.
Any person whose conviction causes the nullity of a contract shall be responsible for payment of all costs, attorney fees, and damages incurred in the rebidding of the contract.
The School Board may use a reverse auction in lieu of the more formal bid process when the School Board’s procurement officer determines that the electronic bidding is more advantageous and in the best interests of the School Board. Reverse auction means a competitive online solicitation process on the Internet for the purchase of equipment, supplies, and other materials or consulting services.
Prior to the use of the reverse auction, the School Board may require that:
Vendors register before opening
dates and time, and as part of the registration, require that the
vendors agree to any terms and conditions and other requirements of
Vendors be prequalified prior
to placing bids and allow only bidders who are prequalified to submit
The solicitation shall designate
an opening date and time and the closing date and time. The
closing date and time may be fixed or remain open depending on the
structure of the item being bid.
At the opening date and time,
the School Board shall begin accepting online bids and continue accepting
bids until the bidding is officially closed. Registered
bidders shall be allowed to lower the price of their bid below the
lowest bid posted on the Internet until the closing date and time.
Bidders’ identities shall not
be revealed during the bidding process; only the successively lower
prices, ranks, scores, and related bid details shall be revealed.
All bids shall be posted electronically
and updated on a real-time basis.
The School Board shall retain
the right to cancel the solicitation if it determines that it is in
the School Board’s best interest.
The School Board shall retain its existing authority to determine the criteria that will be used as a basis for making awards.
Adequate public notice for the purchases of materials, supplies, equipment, or consulting services using a reverse auction shall be given as follows:
The advertisement or notice
shall be published two (2) times in a newspaper in the locality, the
first advertisement to appear at least fifteen (15) days before the
opening date of the reverse auction. In addition to the
newspaper advertisement, the School Board may also publish an advertisement
by electronic media available to the general public.
The first publication of the advertisement shall not occur on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.
|Revised: November, 2011||Revised: November 5, 2020|
|Revised: September, 2014||Revised: January 20, 2022|
|Revised: June, 2017|
Ref: 2 CFR 200 (Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principals, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards)
48 CFR 2.101 (Definitions)
La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§9:2716, 9:2717, 38:2181, 38:2182, 38:2211, 38:2212, 38:2212.1, 38:2212.9, 38:2214, 38:2218, 38:2227, 38:2236, 38:2237, 38:2241, 38:2251, 38:2271, 39:1551, 39:1552, 39:1553, 39:1554, 39:1554.1, 39:1556, 39:1557, 39:1558, 39:1597, 39:1710
Board minutes, 11-5-20, 1-20-22
Bossier Parish School Board