Cf: JCDAC, JCDAE
SEARCH OF BUILDINGS. DESKS, AND LOCKERS
The Bossier Parish School Board is the exclusive owner of any public school building and any desk or locker utilized by any student therein or any other area that may be set aside for the personal use of the students. Any teacher, principal, administrator, or school security guard employed by the School Board may search either physically or with the use of metal detectors any public school building, desk, locker, area or grounds of said public school for evidence that a law, School Board policy, or school rule has been violated. Students shall have no expectation of privacy in use of the lockers which have been assigned to them, and the acceptance and use of locker facilities by students shall constitute consent by them to the search of such locker facilities at any time by authorized school personnel.
SEARCH OF STUDENTS AND/OR THEIR PERSONAL EFFECTS
Any teacher, principal, administrator, or school security guard may search the person of a student or his/her personal effects when, based on the attendant circumstances at the time of the search, there are reasonable grounds to suspect that the search will reveal evidence that the student has violated a law, a school rule, or a School Board policy. Such search shall be conducted in a manner that is reasonably related to the purposes of the search and not excessively intrusive in light of the age or sex of the student and the nature of the suspected offense. Random searches with a metal detector of students and/or their personal effects may be conducted at any time, provided they are conducted without deliberate touching of the students. Strip searches of students are specifically prohibited.
SEARCH OF VEHICLES
The School Board shall require students who bring vehicles on campus to register those vehicles and to provide school authorities with a consent to search of such vehicle signed by the student, parents and/or owner of the vehicle. Any vehicle parked on School Board property may be searched without consent at any time by a school administrator/designee when such school administrator/designee has articulable facts which lead the school administrator/designee to a reasonable belief that weapons, dangerous substances or elements, illegal drugs, alcohol, stolen goods, or other materials or objects the possession of which is a violation of law, School Board policy or school regulations will be found. Searches of vehicles may also be conducted to assure compliance with health, safety, and/or security laws, rules, or regulations. Such searches shall be conducted in the presence of the students whenever possible.
If the vehicle is locked, the student shall unlock the vehicle upon request by school administrator/designee. If the student refuses to unlock the vehicle, proper law enforcement officials shall be summoned and the student shall be subject to disciplinary action for such refusal. Any student not present during a vehicular search shall be informed of the search as soon as practicable thereafter.
USE OF CANINES
The administration is authorized to utilize canines, whose reliability and accuracy for sniffing out controlled substances, drugs, alcohol, guns, knives, weapons, or other materials or objects which are a violation of School Board policy have been established, to aid in the search for contraband in school-owned property and vehicles parked on school property. Canines shall not be used to search students unless school officials have established independently that there is reasonable belief that the student possesses such items on his/her person. The canines must be accompanied by a qualified and authorized trainer who will be responsible for the dog's actions. An indication by the dog that drugs, alcohol, weapons, or any other item of violation is present on school property or in a vehicle shall be reasonable cause for further search by school officials.
If, during any search, school personnel discover and confiscate any firearm, bomb, knife, or other implement which could be used as a weapon, or any controlled dangerous substance, the principal or designee shall report the confiscation to the proper law enforcement officials. Any implement or material confiscated shall be retained, cataloged, and secured by the principal so as to prevent the destruction, alteration, or disappearance of it until such time as the implement or material can be given to law enforcement personnel. Any principal or designee failing to report any prohibited weapon or confiscated material or implement to the proper law enforcement officials or failing to properly secure any weapon or confiscated material or implement shall be subject to appropriate disciplinary action as may be determined by the Superintendent and/or School Board.
NOTIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SEARCH
Students and parents shall be notified at the beginning of each school year of the School Board's authority to conduct unannounced searches of students, lockers, automobiles, school employees, and any other person or object on School Board property and at school sponsored events. Signs of high visibility informing the general public of the School Board's search authority shall be posted at entrances to all School Board buildings.
RECORDS OF SEARCHES
Whenever any search of a student, his/her personal effects, or his/her vehicle is conducted pursuant to this policy, the school administrator/designee conducting the search shall prepare a written report of it as soon thereafter as is reasonably practicable. Such record shall include the name of the student, the name(s) of the person(s) conducting the search, the circumstances leading to the search, and the results of the search. This written, dated, and signed record shall be filed and maintained in the school administrator's office, and a copy of it shall be sent to the Superintendent within five (5) days. The student(s) and parent(s)/guardian(s) shall be given a written receipt for any item(s) seized and/or impounded by the school administrator/designee as a result of the search.
DISCIPLINE OF STUDENTS
Any student found to be in possession of any item in violation of a law, a school rule, or a School Board policy shall be subject to disciplinary action in accordance with school board policy and school rules. Investigative facts and/or seized items resulting from searches shall be immediately turned over to the proper law enforcement officials.
DEFENSE AND INDEMNIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES
If any teacher, principal, administrator, or school security guard employed by the School Board is sued for damages by a student or person qualified to bring suit on behalf of the student based on a school search, the School Board shall provide the employee with a defense to the suit and shall indemnify the employee against any judgment rendered against him/her provided that the employee has acted in accordance with the provisions of this policy. The School Board shall not indemnify any employee against a judgment if there is a specific finding therein that the action of the employee was maliciously, willfully, and deliberately intended to harass, embarrass, or intimidate the student.
Revised: August 16, 2018
Ref: U.S. Constitution, Amend. IV
U.S. Constitution, Amend. XIV, Sec. 1
La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§17:416, 17:416.3
Moore v. Student Affairs Committee of Troy State University, 284 F.Supp. 725 (M.D. Ala. 1970)
State v. Stein, 203 Kan. 638 456 P.2d (1969)
New Jersey v. T.L.O., 469 US 325, 105 S.Ct. 733
Louisiana Handbook for School Administrators, Bulletin 741, Louisiana Department of Education
Board minutes, 8-16-18
Bossier Parish School Board